Measuring Inter-image Distance
We could simply take 11#11 as the Euclidean distance between images. This measure is, however, extremely sensitive to small misalignments, so we also investigated the use of shuffle difference images as defined in the diagram below.
5#5 = 16#16
The shuffle differences between two images are shown below, for different sizes of the shuffle neighbourhood 17#17. The shuffle distance between two images is 18#18.
5#5 = 19#19