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[News] Open/Free Science Derived from Free Software

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It's Not Open Science if it's Not Open Source

,----[ Quote ]
| Great to see a scientist come out with this in an interesting post 
| entitled "What, exactly, is Open Science?": 
|     granting access to source code is really equivalent to publishing your 
|     methodology when the kind of science you do involves numerical 
|     experiments. I’m an extremist on this point, because without access to 
|     the source for the programs we use, we rely on faith in the coding 
|     abilities of other people to carry out our numerical experiments.    


Chris Anderson's Free adds much to The Long Tail, but falls short

,----[ Quote ]
| The economics of 'free' goods and services cannot be explained in terms of 
| the marketplace, digital or otherwise – humans are more complicated than that 


The Open-Minded Professor - An Interview with Eric von Hippel, MIT’s Sloan
School of Management

,----[ Quote ]
| It is true that the most rapidly developing designs are those where many can 
| participate and where the intellectual property is open. Think about open 
| source software as an example of this. What firms have to remember is that 
| they have many ways to profit from good new products, independent of IP. 
| They’ve got brands; they’ve got distribution; they’ve got lead time in the 
| market. They have a lot of valuable proprietary assets that are not dependent 
| on IP.      
| If you’re going to give out your design capability to others, users 
| specifically, then what you have to do is build your business model on the 
| non-design components of your mix of competitive advantages. For instance, 
| recall the case of custom semiconductor firms I mentioned earlier. Those 
| companies gave away their job of designing the circuit to the user, but they 
| still had the job of manufacturing those user-designed semiconductors, they 
| still had the brand, they still had the distribution. And that’s how they 
| make their money.       
| It is also true that firms can base their new products on user-developed 
| designs and still capture significant IP protection from internally developed 
| improvements. That is the pattern we found in research we did at 3M. Even 
| when 3M developers sourced the basic idea for a new product line from users, 
| they were able to capture strong IP by patenting their improvements to the 
| user idea.     


Publishing science on the web

,----[ Quote ]
| But the Web does a lot of this for us outside of science. It's become easy to 
| write and read, and to use Google as a memory cache. The ability to rapidly 
| find relevant information is part of daily life for us outside of science. 
| But inside of science there is complaint that even within one's own 
| specialized discipline, there is too much to read, too many journals, too 
| little time. This doesn't even begin to include the coming deluge of data 
| wrought by the relentless miniaturization and parallelization of a world 
| where data is generated by robotic lab machinery and captured by tiny, 
| ubiquitous sensors.        



Knowledge Exchange comparative report on Costs and Benefits of Open Access

,----[ Quote ]
| In June 2009 a study was completed that had been commissioned by Knowledge
| Exchange and written by Professor John Houghton, Victoria University,
| Australia. This report on the study was titled: "Open Access – What are the
| economic benefits?


Do We Need Open Access Journals?

,----[ Quote ]
| On the one hand, it would be ironic if the very field that acted as a midwife
| to open access journals should also be the one that begins to undermine it
| through a move to repository-based open publishing of preprints. On the
| other, it doesn't really matter; what's important is open access to the
| papers. If these are in preprint form, or appear as fully-fledged articles in
| peer-reviewed open access journals is a detail, for the users at least; it's
| more of a challenge for publishers, of course...


Sir Bonar on Intercept Modernisation at Open Tech 09

,----[ Quote ]
| Sir Bonar Neville-Kingdom GCMG KCVO is her Majesty’s most senior civil
| servant concerned with information and communications technologies
| (or ‘ICTs’). Here he speaks about about the benefits of how government uses
| ICTs to provide Intercept Modernisation, Personalised Services, and Safeguard
| your Identity.


The Doctor Who Model of Open Source

,----[ Quote ]
| How do we sustain Open Source in a distributed world? We are facing this
| challenge with several of our chemical software creations/packages. People
| move, institutions change. Open Source does not, of itself, grow and
| flourish – it needs nurturing. Many packages require a lot of work before
| they are in a state to be usefully enhanced by the community - “throw it over
| the wall and it will flourish” does not work.
| Many OS projects have clear governance and (at least implicitly) funded
| management. Examples are Apache, Eclipse, etc. Many others have the “BDFL” -
| Benevolent Dictator For Life with characters such as RBS, Linus, Guido
| Python, Larry Perl, etc. These command worldwide respect and they have income
| models which are similar to literary giants. These models don’t (yet?) work
| for chemistry.


UNESCO releases new publication on open educational resources

,----[ Quote ]
| UNESCO has released its first openly licensed publication. Open Educational
| Resources: Conversations in Cyberspace brings together the background papers
| and reports from the first three years of activities in the UNESCO OER
| Community. Access the online edition – or buy the book!


Why Scientific Publishing Will Never be the Same

,----[ Quote ]7
| For those of us tracking open access and its wider import, it's pretty clear
| that scientific publishing has changed for ever. But for some within the
| industry, there remains the desperate hope that all this new-fangled open,
| collaborative stuff will just blow over.


It's Our Data: Time to Open Up

,----[ Quote ]
| Last week I wrote about David Cameron's fine words about cancelling ID cards
| and generally opening up data. It was full of sound and fury, but I reserve
| judgement on just how much it really signified.
| But here's a hopeful sign that things really might change if the Tories win
| power at the next general election. It's a new report from the Centre for
| Policy Studies


Open Access and the A-Bomb

,----[ Quote ]
| Importantly, by putting their papers into arXiv physicists ensure that they
| are freely available to anyone who wishes to access them – assuming they have
| an Internet connection – regardless of whether they or their institution has
| a subscription to the journal in which the paper is published. Indeed, some
| papers in arXiv are never published in a journal at all.


Book Publisher Eksmo Acquires Online Ebook Store LitRes


Article: It’s our data

,----[ Quote ]
| The 700,000 pages of scanned images put online in pdf were described by Sir
| Stuart Bell as a ‘great achievement’ for Parliament. And I suppose it is if
| you’re used to inscribing your words on animal skins.


Five minutes of your time to help us: take part in UK PubMed Central images

,----[ Quote ]
| The British Library project team, which manages development activities for
| UKPMC, and is specifically tasked with identifying additional, hard to find
| content to add to UKPMC, is keen to understand what types of images
| researchers would find useful for potential inclusion in the repository.


Finding a fair price for free knowledge

,----[ Quote ]
| TEN years ago, a piece of software called Napster taught us that scarcity is
| no longer a law of nature. The physics of our universe would allow everyone
| with access to a networked computer to enjoy, for free, every song, every
| film, every book, every piece of research, every computer program, every last
| thing that could be made out of digital ones and zeros. The question became
| not, will nature allow it, but will our legal and economic system ever allow
| it?


No Raw Data on Recovery.gov. Significant Failure

,----[ Quote ]
| Speaking for the coalition, Gary Bass, OMB Watch’s director and CAR’s
| co-chair, applauded the significant transparency steps OMB has taken in
| certain key respects. However, much data from the recipients of Recovery Act
| funds will not be collected or disclosed according the the new guidelines.


ScenicOrNot raw data now available for re-use

,----[ Quote ]
| It’s available under the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial 3
| Licence, and we greatly look forward to seeing what people do with it.


Elsevier Does a Microsoft with Open Access

,----[ Quote ]
| I've seen these kind of stories so many times in the world of open source,
| with Microsoft as the main protagonist, that they warm the cockles of my
| heart when I see them popping up in other areas like open access. Why?
| Because if a multi-billion pound company like Elsevier is starting to stoop
| to this kind of tactic, it demonstrates just how profoundly worried it is -
| and how close open access is to widespread acceptance.


Elsevier Reveals More Details About Its Fake Journal Division

,----[ Quote ]
| Remember how Elsevier and Merck were caught putting out a fake journal that
| had articles favoring Merck drugs, implying peer reviewed articles that
| weren't? Soon afterwards, it came out that Elsevier had a whole division for
| such things. However, following an internal investigation, it looks like
| Elsevier is backtracking a bit and saying that, while the group's practices
| were problematic, most weren't as egregious as the "Australasian Journal of
| Bone and Joint Medicine (AJBJM)" that was created by Merck and Elsevier.


Elsevier Had A Whole Division Publishing Fake Medical Journals

,----[ Quote ]
| Remember a week ago when we wrote about pharma giant Merck and publishing
| giant Elsevier working together to publish a fake journal that talked up
| various Merck drugs and was used by doctors to show that the drugs were safe
| and useful?


No bottom to worse at Elsevier?

,----[ Quote ]
| The latest development, though, strikes me as something that should be
| shouted from every available rooftop: Elsevier simply must answer the
| questions raised.
| Via Dorothea: Jonathan Rochkind has done a little "forensic librarianship"
| and raised astonishing questions about the entire imprint, Excerpta Medica,
| which published the fake journal that started all of this.
| Go read Jonathan, but the bottom line is this: Excerpta Medica does not
| provide a straightforward list of its own publications or make clear which
| are, ahem, "industry-sponsored".


Another Reason We Need Open Access

,----[ Quote ]
| One of the more laughable reasons that traditional science publishers cite in
| their attempts to rubbish open access is that it's somehow not so rigorous
| as "their" kind of publishing. There's usually a hint that standards might be
| dropped, and that open access journals aren't, well, you know, quite proper.


Merck Makes Phony Peer-Review Journal

,----[ Quote ]
| It is this attitude within companies like Merck and among doctors that allows
| scandals precisely like this to happen. While the scandals with Merck and
| Vioxx are particularly egregious, we know they are not isolated incidents.
| This one is just particularly so. If physicians would not lend their names or
| pens to these efforts, and publishers would not offer their presses, these
| publications could not exist. What doctors would have as available data would
| be peer-reviewed research and what pharmaceutical companies produce from
| their marketing departments--actual advertisements.


Merck And Elsevier Exposed For Creating Fake Peer Review Journal

,----[ Quote ]
| Of course, this is exactly the sort of thing that you can do when everything
| is locked up and proprietary, rather than open. There's almost no way to
| confirm or check the data or information to make sure it's legit, so people
| tend to assume it is. In that regard, perhaps it's no surprise that the two
| companies eventually went down this road, but it does highlight one of the
| problems with the way the system works today. As Shirky later points out this
| is hardly unique for a firm like Elsevier, which has faced some serious
| ethical questions regarding its publications in the past as well.



The serials crisis has a name, and it's Reed Elsevier.

,----[ Quote ]
| Mind you, I don't mean to imply that we should launch another boycott;
| reigning in Elsevier's profit margins and/or market share would do little to
| offset the serials crisis. The only answer to that, in the long term, is Open
| Access, because it scales where Toll access doesn't. No, this entry is not
| really about OA at all, it's just a little kick in the shins for my favorite
| Greedy Bastard Publishers.


Elsevier steals, then copyrights other people's free stuff

,----[ Quote ]
| Reed Elsevier caught copying my content without my permission:
|     I was not asked for, and did not give, permission for my work to appear
|     on that page, much less in that format. Needless to say, I felt a little
|     slighted.
|     The website in question appears to be a custom version of the LexisNexis
|     search engine. This particular version appears to be Elsevier's own
|     custom version, intended for internal use. I don't have conclusive proof
|     of that, but the title bar at the top of the page reads, "Elsevier
|     Corporate", and the person who accessed my blog from that page had an IP
|     address that's registered to MD Consult, which is an Elsevier subsidiary.
|     My guess is that Elsevier's keeping track of news articles and blog posts
|     that mention them, along with the context in which they're mentioned.
| [...]
| Reed Elsevier Is Stealing My Words:
|     I received an email from ScienceBlogling Mike Dunford that Reed Elsevier
|     had excerpted one of my posts. No problem there--I like it when people
|     read my stuff....except for one thing:
|     The fuckers copyrighted my words.
| Copyright violation?:
|     Apparently, publishing companies don't always get permission for the
|     materials they use, either. Mike Dunford caught Reed Elsevier copying his
|     content without permission (from Stephen Downes).

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