Roy Schestowitz wrote:
> -----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE-----
> Hash: SHA1
> Review: Knoppix 6
> ,----[ Quote ]
> | I think with this release Knoppix once again gains a reason for use.
> | Before
> | it was more or less the only liveCD. Now every distro has a liveCD.
> | Now it loads up extremely quickly and it has useful programs.
Knoppix can be run from USB sticks and SD cards...
generic method enclosed below.
Also instead of using syslinux that it uses like below
with slow FAT32, you can format the USB / SD Card to EXT2 and gain massive
speed increase. Need to use extlinx (part of syslinux for that).
The speed gain is so much, you may be hard pressed to tell
the difference between USB stick and hard disk boot speeds.
Converting distros to boot from SD Cards and USB flash drives
Got me self an EEE but the EEE has no optical drives (no CDROMs).
So I'm having to convert every install CD or liveCD into a
bootable SD card or USB flash drive to boot on the EEE.
Without being able to convert a distro into a bootable USB flash /SD Card,
that distro can't be easily loaded into netbook like EEE
and stand to miss out on users installing it into netbooks.
So I would recommend all distro mainters look at their netbook
boot strategy and offer something to boot their distros
from USB flash and SD cards or miss out on users installing it into
Having done a few conversions, a pattern emerges that works well for
most syslinux / isolinux based distros.
1. Put your SD card or USB flash drive into your desktop Linux PC and
then open a console and type dmesg
You should see some line indicating your flash drive as
being picked up and allocated with a comment like sdc / sdc1 etc..
Remember both names - the first is /dev/sdc which is your
device name, and the second is /dev/sdc1 which is your partition name.
(Don't get confused between drive /dev/sdc and partition /dev/sdc1
or your drive could become scrambled eggs later on. Also remember
it may be called sdg or sdh etc depending what you see when you
plug in device and type dmesg)
2. Install gparted on your machine using synaptic.
To run it you can type
in a console window and select on the right side the drive name allocated
in step 1. Right click on the bar that represents the partition
and click on manage flags.
Enable the boot flag and click OK. This makes the SD Card / USB
3. Identify that you have syslinux or isolinux in your liveCD by
opening the .ISO file in archive manager and checking that it has
isolinux or syslinux directory somewhere in the liveCD.
4. Extract all the files in the .ISO file to the
root directory of the SD card or USB flash stick.
5. Go to the flash drive and locate the syslinux (or isolinux) directory.
Copy its entire content to the root directory of the flash drive.
6. If you have a syslinux.cfg file in the root directory of the
flash drive, then you are OK for step 6.
Otherwise if you have a isolinux.cfg file, then rename it to syslinux.cfg
7. Get syslinux - this is a boot loader and menu system for FAT based
file systems. Download the latest version from here...
Unzip it and go to the linux directory.
Run the program there by typing this - (note this command is updating
the partition /dev/sdc1)
./syslinux -s /dev/sdc1
This puts a new file into your SD card / USB flash disk
8. from the linux directory change to the mbr directory
and then run this - again note this time its updating the device by
writing data to the first sector as opposed to the first partition.
sudo cat mbr.bin > /dev/sdc
This makes the card bootable and useable in an Asus EEE and many other
PCs with SD card or USB flash disk boot facility.
A. You can skip steps 2 and 8 if you don't format your card again
when you want to try out another distro.
B. Step 5 is messy but quick. You can figure out and copy just
the files needed.
C. In step 6, editing the syslinux.cfg files can allow you to put
more than 1 distro on the flash drive. But beware, many distros
use default paths and names that can conflict.
This method tested and works for
Does not work for DVD distros with files greater than 2Gb size inside
the .ISO file - - need a different install method using grub bootloader
instead of syslinux (not covered here)
Does not work for .ISO files built with grub bootloader - need a different
install method with grub boot loader instead of syslinux.
The latest EEE1000 has fast enough graphics for translucent
An easy way to do all this:
Install Ubuntu on EEE (compiz itself
appears to be installed by default in the default install),
then install compiz settings manager using Synaptic
which allows compiz to be fully 'exercised'.
And then do the following to get the 3D cube desktop
Go to General > Display Settings > Lighting and turned it off
Enable Desktop Cube and then Desktop Cube > Transparent Cube and set the
two opacity settings to 30%
then Desktop Cube > Skydome and check the skydome check mark
Enable Rotate Cube
Enable Enhanced Zoom Desktop
Right click the virtual workspaces panel and increase the number
of colums to 8.
And hey presto - 100% 3D translucent desktop with 8 screens!!!!!!!!!!
[Some shortcuts for the 3D screen
ctrl + alt + left or right arrow to spin cube
ctrl + alt + down arrow and then left or right arrow for a ring switcher
super + E for yet another switcher
super + mouse wheel scroll to zoom in and out of the 3D desktop.