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[News] Proprietary Voting Systems and Proprietary NHS an Epic Fail

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N.J. voting machines vulnerable, report says

,----[ Quote ]
| Some 10,000 voting machines in New Jersey could be hacked into in less than 
| 10 minutes to manipulate vote tallies, which critics say puts the integrity 
| of elections in New Jersey into question, according to a once-suppressed 
| report by a Princeton University computer scientist that was released to the 
| public Friday.    


Long-term problems at pioneer Cerner smartcard site revealed in NHS document

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| The first hospital in England to install a smartcard-based Cerner system 
| under the health service’s £12.7bn IT modernisation scheme faces indefinite, 
| multiple problems, according to an internal NHS document.  
| It discloses that since the Royal Free Hospital, Hampstead, installed systems 
| in June 2008, under the national Care Records Service scheme, there have been 
| risks to patients, breaches of security through smartcard sharing, long 
| log-in times which discourage staff from using the system, and information 
| having to be written on paper – making parts of the new technology redundant.     



Judge Suppresses Report on Voting Machine Security

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| A judge of the New Jersey Superior Court has prohibited the scheduled release
| of a report on the security and accuracy of the Sequoia AVC Advantage voting
| machine. Last June, Judge Linda Feinberg ordered Sequoia Voting Systems to
| turn over its source code to me (serving as an expert witness, assisted by a
| team of computer scientists) for a thorough examination. At that time she
| also ordered that we could publish our report 30 days after delivering it to
| the Court--which should have been today.


Voting machine gets LinuxWorld tryout

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| On Tuesday their machine will be put to the test at LinuxWorld in San
| Francisco, where the 10,000 people who are expected to attend the conference
| will get to vote in a mock presidential election pitting Barack Obama against
| John McCain.
| "The voting system in the U.S. is still not sufficiently accurate to
| determine the winner in a very close election," said Dechert, who has worked
| at Borland International and Intel developing and testing software. "By the
| time we're done (with the mock election), nobody will have any doubt."
| The LinuxWorld conference is held every year in San Francisco to discuss
| open-source software - software whose code is designed and maintained by
| volunteers. The conference takes its name from Linux, a computer operating
| system designed by Linus Torvalds in the 1990s that has a passionate
| following. It competes against Microsoft Windows and has spawned software for
| numerous devices, including voting machines.


The brazilian Election Supreme Court migrates 430 thousand voting machines to
GNU / Linux

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| The brazilian Election Supreme Court announced at April 4th 2008, that the
| 2008 elections at Brazil will use GNU / Linux electronic voting machines with
| software digital authentication.
| The Tribunal Superior Eleitoral (the brazilian Election Supreme Court),
| officially announced on April 4th, 2008, that the brazilian 2008 elections
| will use 430 thousand electronic voting machines migrated from VirtuOS and
| Windows CE to GNU / Linux and open source softwares for security and auditing
| defined by proper law.


Open-source electronic voting

,----[ Quote ]
| An election worker would then scan the bar code to record the vote. At the
| end of the election or at choice points during the day, a tally sheet could
| be printed, also with a barcode. The barcode uses Open Source PDF-417, a
| standard that is also used in identification cards and inventory systems and
| can be read by most scanners. Within the two-dimensional bar code is a
| numerical-coded sequence that shows how a person voted. There is also a
| unique identifier so that the ballot cannot be counted a second time. The
| printed ballot cannot be linked with a specific person, but the ballot can be
| associated with the electronic tally stored in the computer.


Microsoft Muscles the NYS Legislature

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| Microsoft’s proposed change to state law would effectively render
| our current requirements for escrow and the ability for independent
| review of source code in the event of disputes completely meaningless
| - and with it the protections the public fought so hard for.


Are You Ready for Open Voting?

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| They're putting their money where their mouth is, too: they've developed a
| prototype system in Python on Linux that is open source and designed for ease
| of use, as well as to preserve a paper trail. The current goal is to get the
| system adopted by California in time for the 2008 elections.


Open, Accurate Electronic Voting? It Can Be Done.

,----[ Quote ]
| The Consortium's volunteers developed the software for the PC based Ubuntu
| (or Linux) operating system. Ubuntu is free and open-source and, most
| importantly, is publicly available. On January 12th of this year the software
| was successfully used in connection with an election.  


Open Voting Process Demonstrated in San Luis Obispo

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| We used the Ubuntu (Linux) operating system, which is also free and open
| source. As always, our code is publicly available [1].


Voting 2.0, Part 1: The Trouble With Closed Systems

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| "The biggest problem is the lack of transparency in voting technology,"
| Felten, who is professor of computer science and public affairs and director
| of the center for information technology policy at Princeton, told
| LinuxInsider.
| "This means not only that it's difficult for citizens to know the details of
| how their votes have been counted, but also the lack of transparency extends
| to Election Day," Felten explained. "You want to know not only what is the
| technology counting the votes, but also that on Election Day it counts them
| correctly."
| Several examples have surfaced in recent years that suggest there is cause
| for concern.


Voting 2.0, Part 2: The Open Source Proposition

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| As designed, however, the Ubuntu-based system is also voter-verifiable
| because the public can review in advance the screens they'll see on Election
| Day, presented as pre-rendered picture files.


Open source software use sought in automated election system

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| A newly organized group of information technology professionals has called on
| government to use open standards and open source technology for the
| automation of elections in the Philippines.
| [...]
| Ito Gruet, who is an IT professional and member of the Advocacy for Open
| Systems in Elections, said the use of open standards or open source
| technology would promote "transparency" in the development of the automated
| election system.

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